This guide will provide a basic overview for those interesting in finding out more about how women have impacted the alcohol industry and how they continue to do so.
Begin your search by gaining some general information from the following sources
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_brewing: This page will give you a general overview of how women have been involved in the brewing process throughout history.
https://inthemix.on-premise.com/2015/01/women-spirits/: This article is a brief overview of some of the largest female players currently involved in the distilling industry.
https://www.harpersbazaar.com/culture/travel-dining/a17236/women-in-liquor-industry/: Tips and tricks from women in the wine and liquor industry.
Alcohol by Volume (ABV)
The measure of how much alcohol is contained in a given volume of an alcoholic beverage. An beverage with an ABV of 20% would have an alcoholic proof of 40.
Distilled alcohol with an ABV ranging from 20% to 90%.
An alcoholic beverage that is made from yeast-fermented malt and flavored with hops with an ABV typically in the 4.5% to 10% range.
An alcoholic beverage made from the juice of fermented grapes with an ABV typically around 11%.
To purify by vaporizing and collect the resulting liquid.
The process of sugar transforming into alcohol.
A clear alcohol spirit distilled from grain or malt and flavored with Juniper berries. Gin packs serious punch and is not a spirit for the faint of heart.
Classic Gin Cocktails:
Gin and Tonic, Tom Collins, Negroni, and Martini.
This clear spirit, noted for its muted flavor and smell, is typically made from potatoes and grains. But don't let this definition fool you, despite its lack of smell and taste vodka still offers a real kick-in-the-pants to anyone not used to drinking it.
Classic Vodka Cocktails
Cosmopolitan, Bloody Mary, Moscow Mule, and Screwdriver.
This amber-hued spirit distilled from grain - often corn, rye, barley, or wheat - mash is know for its strong taste. Whiskey taste varies widely depending on the grain used and the aging process. Variations include Scotch, Bourbon, and Irish.
Classic Whiskey Cocktails
Jack and Coke, Manhattan, Old Fashioned, and Whiskey Sour.
This spirit, made from the blue agave plant, can come in both clear and amber varieties. This spirit is the quintessential shot classic when paired with a lime wedge and salt.
Classic Tequila Cocktails
Tequila Sunrise, Margarita, and the Paloma.
This spirit, which has both clear and amber-hued varieties, is distilled with cane sugar or molasses. Rum pairs well with fruit juices, but beware this spirit can be stronger than you think.
Classic Rum Cocktails
Cuba Libre, Daiquiri, and Dark n' Stormy.
Brewed at warmer temperatures using top-fermenting yeast. These beers are typically hoppy, fruitful, and flavorful. Color ranges from gold to reddish-amber.
Pale Ales, India Pale Ales, Nut Browns.
New Belgium Fat Tire, Sierra Nevada, Stone IPA
Lagers are brewed at colder temperatures using bottom-fermenting yeast and a longer aging process. Lagers come in pale-hued to dark black varieties and come in a range of flavors from sweet to bitter.
American Dark Lager, Bock Beer, Helles.
Lagunitas Pils, EPIC Brewing Company Hop Syndrome, Firestone Walker Firestone Lager.
Stouts and Porters
Porter is a top-fermenting style beer with a with a dark color and tends toward a sweeter taste. Stout is colored by barley and is less sweet to the taste.
English Porters, American Stouts.
Guinness, Foothills Sexual Chocolate, Founders Nitro Oatmeal Stout
Usually dark and sweet, malts contain notes of caramel, coffee, and nuts.
Dogfish Head Raison d'Etre, EKU 28
Not really beer but often put in the same category, these tasty beverages have are cider after the fermentation process.
Angry Orchard, Bull Pear Cider.
A light-bodied wine that is highly acid and fruity to the taste.
Chicken, pork, or soft cheese.
A bold, full-bodied red wine with flavor notes of coffee and chocolate.
Veal, bold cheeses.
A rich, smooth white wine with vanilla flavor notes.
A dry, light-bodied white wine with notes of citrus.
A sweet, citrusy white wine with strong floral notes.
Duck, Thai cuisine
Women have historically played a large role in the brewing and distilling of alcohol. In ancient times, brewing was considered along with baking and was traditionally the responsibility of women. In ancient Sumer, the deity associated with brewing, Ninkasi, was female. It wasn't until about 150 years ago that the role of brewing and distilling became associated with men. However, during the American Prohibition Era, the Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform played a large role in reversing Prohibition. Now, women are once again taking leadership in the brewing, fermenting, and distilling world.